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Cities to Visit
Western Desert & Oases
Hurghada & South of Red Sea

Spread along the Mediterranean coast, Alexandria is Egypt's principal port and second city. The city is older than the capital having been founded by Alexander the Great of Macedonia in 332 B.C. Alexander the Great and Cleopatra being its key figures, Alexandria is also famous for its ancient library, and the towering Pharos lighthouse - counted by the ancients as one the Seven Wonders of the World.

Points of Interest
  • Fortress of Qaitbey
    This neat little fortress looks as though it was built for toy soldiers of days gone by. It has the most perfect location too, cast out on a spindly arm far into the Eastern Harbor. Long devoid of any military function, the place now serves as a small naval museum. But, this being Alexandria, it is even more exciting to know that the fortress occupies the site of the Pharos lighthouse, one of the ancient Seven Wonders of the Word.

  • Bibliotheca Alexandrina
    A striking piece of 21st century architecture that is pure high-tech. While simultaneously evoking the glory of the ancient Ptolemaic capital, the new Bibliotheca Alexandrina is the largest and most advanced library in the Arab world, and it has helped put the city back on the map.

  • Mahmoud Said Museum
    A pioneer of Egyptian modern art, Mahmoud Said was honored in 2000 by the opening of a museum of his works in the eastern suburb of Gianaclis. The museum's setting, a beautiful Italianate villa in which the artist once lived, is also worth seeing. Said (1897-1964) was born into an aristocratic family, the son of a former prime minister, and trained in law. He painted only as a sideline while pursuing a career in law that culminated in his appointment as a judge.

  • Montazah Palace Gardens
    Traditionally, Alexandria has always been the favorite place of escape for Cairo citizens during the punishing hot summer months. Vacation apartments line the seafront, blooming into life each July and August. Egypt's rulers valued the cooling sea breezes too, and at the far eastern end of the Corniche, at the point where the city stops 11 miles (18 km) east the center, Khedive Abbas Hilmy II (R.1892-1914) built Montazah as a royal summer residence.

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